Short dwell times at bus stops and resulting high commercial speeds are necessary prerequisites for an efficient bus operation. EBSF_2 deals with new vehicle designs and optimised interfaces between vehicle and platform in order to improve the accessibility into buses as well as the internal passenger flow for both hybrid and fully electric buses. The electric Bus Passenger Simulation Tool (eBPST) is used to assess design proposals at early design stages, taking into account passengers’ behaviour. In addition, a modular bus concept demonstrates the possibilities to combine different bus segments in bus depots in order to adapt the capacity to the actual demand, which result in more efficient bus operation, especially in terms of energy and maintenance cost.
Applying new design options for the exterior and interior layout of buses may contribute to efficiency improvements by optimising accessibility and internal passenger flow, reducing dwell time at bus stops and, consequently, improving commercial speed of the vehicles and hence overall productivity. EBSF_2 activities concerning the layout of buses are a clear step beyond state-of-the-art solutions. The proposed solutions will capitalise on the EBSF project by extending a vehicle interior layout simulator to also consider the interaction between bus and platform, the design opportunity provided by electric propulsion and accessibility for all requirements, including mobility impaired passengers. Selected designers of public transport systems from the UITP Platform for Design will develop entirely new concepts for electric bus design.